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Treatment Options for Adrenal Tumours

Adrenal tumours, growths that develop in the adrenal glands located above each kidney, can present a range of challenges for individuals dealing with them. Whether these tumours are benign or malignant, understanding the available treatment options is crucial. 

In this article, we will explore the diverse approaches to managing adrenal tumours, taking into account factors such as tumour size, location, and malignancy. These treatment options aim to offer patients the best possible outcomes, tailored to their unique circumstances.

Understanding adrenal tumours

Before delving into treatment options, it’s essential to understand adrenal tumours. These growths can develop in the adrenal glands, which are situated above each kidney. Adrenal tumours can be classified as non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant). The choice of treatment depends on factors such as the tumour’s size, location, and malignancy.

Available treatments

When facing adrenal tumours, individuals have a spectrum of treatment choices available, each carefully tailored to address specific aspects of their condition. These treatment options encompass minimally invasive surgical procedures, more extensive interventions, as well as targeted therapies for cancerous tumours. 

Understanding these options is vital for informed decision-making and optimal patient care. In the following sections, we’ll delve into these treatment modalities, shedding light on their benefits and applications.

Non-invasive laparoscopic surgery

Non-invasive laparoscopic surgery, also known as laparoscopic adrenalectomy, is often the preferred treatment for small, non-cancerous adrenal tumours. During this procedure, several small incisions are made, and a tiny camera and surgical instruments are inserted. This approach allows the surgeon to remove the tumour with precision, while the patient benefits from a shorter hospital stay and quicker recovery.

Open surgery 

Open surgery, or open adrenalectomy, is typically recommended for larger tumours or those that appear cancerous. This procedure involves a larger incision in the back or abdomen, providing the surgeon with direct access to the adrenal gland. While it may require a longer hospital stay and recovery period compared to laparoscopic surgery, open adrenalectomy is crucial for ensuring the precise removal of malignant tumours.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy is a valuable treatment option for cancerous adrenal tumours. It involves the use of high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation to target and destroy cancer cells. The advantage of radiation therapy is its precision, which minimises damage to healthy surrounding tissues. It can be used as a primary treatment or in conjunction with surgery or chemotherapy, depending on the specific case.


Chemotherapy is a systemic treatment that involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells or slow their growth. While it is not typically the first-line treatment for adrenal tumours, it may be recommended for advanced or metastatic cases. Chemotherapy can be administered orally or intravenously and is often used when cancer has spread beyond the adrenal glands.

Get in touch

In Birmingham HPB Clinic, we appreciate the significance of individualised treatment options for adrenal tumours. Whether you’re confronting a non-cancerous growth or a potentially malignant tumour, our experienced multidisciplinary team is here to provide tailored care and guidance. From minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery to open adrenalectomy for precision, to radiation therapy and chemotherapy for cancerous adrenal tumours, we offer comprehensive solutions. 

If you or a loved one are facing this challenge, don’t hesitate to contact us for expert consultation and personalised care. Early detection and appropriate treatment can significantly enhance outcomes, and we’re here to support you every step of the way.